The full form of Computer is Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research. A computer is a digital electrical machine that may be programmed to perform arithmetic or logical operations in a preset order (computation).
Programs are collections of operations that modern computers are capable of performing. These programmes enable computers to do a wide range of jobs. A computer system is a “complete” computer that includes all of the hardware, operating system (main software), and peripherals necessary for “complete” operation. A connected and cooperative set of computers, such as a computer network or a computer cluster, is also referred to as a computer cluster.
Advantages of Computer
Boost your productivity –
Computers boost your productivity, and knowing how to use the software that runs on them allows you to be more productive in many areas of your life. You can create, store, edit, share, and print documents and letters once you have a basic understanding of how to use a word processor. With all previous technology, each of these duties was either impossible or time-consuming.
Allows you to access the Internet
When a computer is connected to the Internet, its full potential is realised. As far as information is concerned, once connected, your options and choices are practically endless. A computer linked to the Internet is required for many of the benefits outlined on this page.
Can store a large amount of data and reduce waste
Computers have the ability to store and access enormous volumes of data. Given enough storage capacity, a computer and devices such as eBook readers can store hundreds or thousands of volumes. You can easily discover what you need by searching and sharing information between devices if you store books, papers, videos, images, and songs online. It eliminates the requirement for non-digital versions of the media to be printed on paper.
Sort, organise, and search across information with this tool
A computer can make better use of its stored data than any other device. We highlighted the potential to store thousands of books in our last example. Once those books are on a computer, they may be categorised, alphabetized, and searched to discover exactly what you’re looking for in a matter of seconds. It would take a human months, if not years, to search through a thousand volumes for the exact text.
Artificial intelligence (AI) that is more sophisticated can be programmed to make increasingly more intelligent decisions. For example, there is computer software available to assist in the detection of malignancies. In less than a few minutes, computers can scan through millions of suspected cancer signals. Thus, provide a positive or negative result. With protein sequence pattern matching, scientists are also employing computers to assist design novel techniques of healing diseases.
Improve your data comprehension
Computers can also help you grasp data and large data better. A company, for example, might keep a database of things it has sold. They can immediately understand what sells well at what time of year, when to mark products up or down, and what items aren’t selling using this data. Having access to this type of data allows a company to obtain a deeper understanding of its clients as well as a competitive advantage over its competitors.
Keeps you in touch
Computers allow you to stay in touch with long-distance friends and family via e-mail and social media. Through online forums, chat, and VoIP services like Skype, you may interact with millions of other individuals who share your interests. Connecting with individuals all around the world is also a great method to meet folks you’d never meet otherwise.
Another advantage of Internet communication is its speed when compared to other modes of communication. You could, for example, send an e-mail to someone on the other side of the world and have it arrive in less than a few minutes. It could take days or even weeks for snail mail (postal mail) to arrive.
Disadvantages of Computer
Everything has its advantages and some disadvantages. Computer also have advantages with some disadvantages-
Eye strain and carpal tunnel syndrome
Computer use necessitates a great deal of repetitive movement, which can contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome. Moving your hand from a keyboard to a mouse, for example, is repetitive and can result in injury.
Aside from repeated movements, staring at a bright screen for long periods of time can induce eye strain and even CVS (computer vision syndrome).
These injuries can be avoided or delayed by taking pauses, maintaining correct posture, and understanding computer ergonomics.
Too much time spent sitting
Too much of anything is bad, and being a mouse potato and sitting for lengthy periods of time can cause health problems. Furthermore, switching a standing desk for a standard workstation is not an ideal solution. Standing for long periods of time is not healthy, but it is better than sitting, according to studies. Taking frequent breaks to move around, stretch, and exercise is the greatest option.
Too much multitasking and a short attention span
Humans have gotten addicted to quick pleasure as a result of today’s computers, computing devices, and the Internet. You become accustomed to obtaining that instant dopamine dose when you utilise a computer and the Internet to receive immediate answers to your questions and demands. When something doesn’t work or isn’t answered in a timely manner, it’s easy to grow frustrated.
With a shorter attention span, it’s fairly uncommon to multitask more and concentrate on multiple projects at once. Multitasking, according to many studies, is less productive, can lead to more mistakes, and may even be harmful to your brain.
It has the potential to hinder learning and establish a dependency
If you can stay focused, a computer with Internet access can be one of the most powerful learning tools ever devised. It’s also all too simple to grow overly reliant on computers and other electronic devices. A spell checker, for example, is an excellent tool for detecting spelling problems. If you never learn how to spell a word correctly and instead rely on a spell checker or auto correct, you’re more likely to make mistakes.
Grammar checkers, GPS, and calculators are among the other useful tools. However, if you become overly dependant on these tools, you may find yourself powerless if they aren’t available.
Loss of Privacy
Loss of privacy is a possibility for an anonymous person using a laptop.
With computers storing so much personal data, it’s easy for it to fall into the wrong hands. Once a malicious individual obtains your information, they can gain access to your online accounts or use it to register new accounts in your name, such as a new credit card.