The surgical remodeling of the pinna, meaning the outer ear, is known as otoplasty. The goal could be to remedy a flaw or to improve one’s look. The distance between the ears and the back of the head is normally around 2 cm. However, possessing ears that are larger than this could be inconvenient. Reconstruction surgery may be recommended if a person’s ears have been damaged or if they were born with a genetic disorder.

This is a clinical technique that involves strengthening or repairing the outer ear. Several people, on the other hand, choose ear surgery to improve their appearance. Otoplasty surgery is the medical term for this procedure. 

Is it necessary?

This is not always vital to obtaining treatment. Some anomalies will go away on their own. When a youngster is 5–6 years old as well as 90% of their ear expansion is achieved, it is a good time to get an otoplasty. That would be the earliest age that is advised. After then, a person can receive therapy anywhere at age. If the kid receives treatment within the first 2–3 weeks of life, a nonsurgical approach called ear molding or splinting can be successful.

What causes this?

  • The outer ear seems to be typically at a 21–30 degree inclination to the right and left of the face. The ears would seem to “stick out” if the inclination is greater than 30 degrees.
  • This can occur if a person’s genetics or health problems interfere with cartilage formation, and when an injury changes the direction of the ears.
    One or even both ears may be affected by any of these things. Nevertheless, a person’s hearing must not be affected by having substantial ears.
  • Although large ears might run in lineages, they often appear at random. Around 30% of kids with large ears have normal-looking ears at conception but begin to change form within the first three months of life.
  • According to studies, about 5% of Caucasian persons have large ears.


Otoplasty surgery is frequently performed by a plastic surgeon. Occasionally, an ear, nose, as well as throat surgeon, or pediatric surgeon will perform the procedure. For a youngster, a general anesthetic will be used, but for an adult, a local anesthetic will be used.

They will next make a cut behind the ears and attach stitches to keep the external ear back, which may be lifelong. Some bones may be removed in some circumstances. It will take about 1–2 hours to complete the treatment. The incisions would leave a little mark behind the ear, which will diminish with time.

What about Recovery?

The sort of operation a person has will influence the healing process to a certain degree. A doctor would place a covering over the years following treatment. The bandage will be left on for a few days, but the physician may lift it to examine for a hematoma the very day following surgery.

A patient may have to wear a protection band over the ears once the dressing has been removed completely, particularly at night. This will keep your ears from being dragged forward while you sleep.


Otoplasty is generally a safe and effective procedure with a high percentage of patient satisfaction. In contrast, German researchers discovered that persons who had otoplasty to lessen the predominance of their ears reported a higher quality of life. Otoplasty could enhance a patient’s quality of life by altering the composition of their ears.

Before deciding on surgery, a person should examine the benefits and drawbacks with a doctor and look for a certified professional to do the treatment.

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