If you are looking for some AMD and retinal disease homework help, you’ve come to the right place. Below, we’ll discuss Stages of AMD, Treatment options, Risk factors, and Genetics. You can also read our articles on AMD and retinal disease. You’ll have the knowledge you need to understand the most important facts about these conditions. In addition, we’ll discuss the importance of early detection and treatment.

Stages of AMD

If you are looking for some AMD and retinal disease homework help, you have come to the right place. This type of eye disease affects central vision and the ability to see fine details. When the macula, a part of the retina, is damaged, it leads to AMD. In advanced stages, patients cannot see faces clearly and may experience difficulties with reading small print. At an early stage, vision loss may be minimal.

The disease progresses at a different rate for different individuals. If the center of the macula is affected, geographic atrophy may be present. Then, if the disease progresses toward advanced AMD, the macula will have a dilated center. As the disease advances, it may progress to larger drusen or a worse condition. If this is the case, a patient may need to undergo treatment for intermediate AMD.

Treatment options

Early detection is crucial in the management of AMD, the most common type of age-related macular degeneration. Early diagnosis can significantly slow its progression. And treatment can prevent it from progressing to its wet form, which can eventually lead to blindness or near-total vision loss. Early diagnosis can be crucial, since some people can be completely unaware of the condition. However, if detected at an early stage, treatment options can significantly improve the quality of life of those who have the disease.

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Today, there are four FDA-approved treatments for wet AMD. In 2004, the FDA approved brolucizumab (Beovu), aflibercept (Eylea), and ranibizumab (Lucentis). Bevacizumab, an experimental treatment approved for colorectal cancer, also has been approved for use in treating wet AMD. Researchers are now testing the effectiveness of this new treatment option, which targets the blood vessels in the eye that are leaking.

Risk factors

While no one has a perfect recipe for developing AMD, there are several risk factors that seem to increase the risk significantly. Listed below are some of the main risk factors for AMD and retinal disease. These factors may be modifiable, and their modification may provide insight into possible intervention strategies. To learn more, read on. But first, let’s look at the most common risk factors for AMD. This list may not include all of them.

High BMI: Researchers have concluded that a higher BMI is associated with an increased risk of late-onset AMD. However, they have not determined whether this increase is due to shared risk factors or unmeasured confounders. Although there is a strong link between BMI and late-onset AMD, this association has not yet been established for people of other races. Further studies are needed to explore whether there are specific ethnic risks for AMD.


The genetics of AMD and retinal disease is an area that has attracted substantial attention in recent years. Many landmark studies have linked certain risk genes with the disease. In particular, the CFH gene, which contains the Y402H or Tyr402His variant, is linked to AMD. In addition, the risk allele had a large effect size, increasing the risk of AMD among heterozygotes and homozygotes.

While there have been significant advances in the field of genetics, progress in understanding this disorder has been slow because of the inherent complexity of the disease. Moreover, environmental factors have complicated research. Therefore, it has been difficult to identify the genes responsible for the disease. The study of other hereditary macular dystrophies may help shed light on the cause of AMD. These advances are expected to lead to new insights into AMD.